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Afghanistan’s population increasing rapidly

in Afghan Business

Afghanistan’s population increasing rapidly

Afghanistan’s Center of Statistics Office (CSO) warns the country about the upcoming economic issues arising from rapid increase in the population rate.

According to Ismatullah Ramzi, advisor to the CSO, Afghanistan’s population swells up by 500,000 annually. The government is responsible to meet the rising population’s requirements.

“This is a certainly major issue. The population’s education, health, shelter and food requirements should be seriously considered.”

The CSO has predicted Afghanistan’s population to grow over 26 million based on surveys in 2004 and 2005. Fifty-one percent of the population would be comprised of males and forty-nine percent of females.

Experts say that a society that sees rapid population growth should be able to provide opportunities in proportion to the growth rate. New job opportunities should be created to prevent unemployment and poverty that may otherwise result in increasing crime rate, growing illiteracy and lack of access to health centers.

Ministry of Health also expresses their concern about the escalating population growth rate. Dr. Sadia Ayubi, head of the Ministry, said that based on a recent survey, on average an Afghan mother gives birth to 5 children.

According to Dr. Ayubi, the Ministry is making efforts to avert population explosion that is mainly due to upholding traditional view towards big families and other religious and cultural views against contraception.

“According to the survey, 90% of families are aware of methods for birth control but only 20% of the families apply those methods. The reasons most families do not adhere to the suggested methods mainly have to do with religious and cultural views.”

Public awareness programs on birth control have been launched in various part of Afghanistan; however, there still exist women who have given birth to more than 10 children.

Experts believe that as long as birth control methods are not fully applied, affluent living facilities are not provided, and social reforms are not undertaken by the government, one cannot be optimistic about controlling population explosion in Afghanistan.


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