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Economist of the Month: Dr. Ashraf Ghani

in Afghan Business

Economist of the Month: Dr. Ashraf Ghani

Dr. Ashraf Ghani is the President of Afghanistan, economist and anthropologist. He assumed office on 21 September 2014.

He has previously served as Finance Minister and as the chancellor of Kabul University.

Before returning to Afghanistan in 2002, President Ghani, worked with the World Bank. As the Finance Minister of Afghanistan between July 2002 and December 2004, he led Afghanistan’s attempted economic recovery after the collapse of the Taliban government.

He is the co-founder of the Institute for State Effectiveness, an organization set up in 2005 to improve the ability of states to serve their citizens. In 2005 he gave a TED talk, in which he discussed how to rebuild a broken state such as Afghanistan. President Ghani is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, an independent initiative hosted by the United Nations Development Program. In 2013 he was ranked second in an online poll to name the world’s top 100 intellectuals conducted by Foreign Policy and Prospect magazines,ranking just behind Richard Dawkins. He previously was named in the same poll in 2010.

Ghani came in fourth in the 2009 presidential election, behind Hamid Karzai, Abdullah Abdullah, and Ramazan Bashardost. In the first round of the 2014 presidential election, Ghani won 31.5% of the vote, second to Abdullah who secured 45% of the votes cast. Both candidates went on to contest a run-off election, which was held on June 14, 2014 with Ghani winning 55.27% of the votes with a lead of a million votes over Abdullah.



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