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Fuel-Efficient Stoves Save Forest

in Afghan Business

Fuel-Efficient Stoves Save Forest

Through USAID-funded Biodiversity Conservation and Natural Resources Management Project, 13 local stove makers in Badakhshan and Bamiyan provinces were equipped and trained to manufacture fuel-efficient stoves.

Fuel wood is central to daily life in Afghanistan because it is used to cook and heat houses throughout the country. But the over-harvesting of wood is a threat to Afghan livelihoods and the environment because it can lead to deforestation and soil erosion.

The “tandoor”, a traditional open-cylinder clay oven used in most households, contributes to the excessive and wasteful use of fuel wood and its consequent over-harvesting. Not only is the tandoor inefficient but it emits a lot of smoke, which is a serious health hazard.

With USAID support, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) has introduced a new, fuel-efficient stove that has a proven dewelding.

The stove was initially piloted in Wakhan and Band-e Amir to demonstrate that the technology was appropriate and acceptable in Afghanistan.

Thirteen local tinsmiths were trained in Badakhshan and Bamiyan provinces to manufacture the stoves locally. In addition, 920 women have received training in the installation and use of these stoves in 29 villages in the Wakhan and Band-e Amir areas.

“We hope that the adoption of this stove will not only cut the demand for fuel wood but also improve family health,” – said  the Chairman of Band-e Amir Community Association.

After the first 2200 stoves are made and distributed in 73 villages in Wakhan and Band-e Amir, the stove-makers will be able to cater to demand throughout Afghanistan.

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USAID Afghanistan

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